Dr. Maria Montessori's Time Line:

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1870 - 1952
1870 August 31st: Montessori was born in Chiaravalle, Ancona, Italy.
1890 Montessori began a maths and science diploma course at the University of Rome.
1892 Montessori, aged twenty-twoA began a course for a medical degree.

1896 July 10th: Montessori was awarded her degree as a doctor of medicine.

September: Dr. Montessori goes to Berlin to speak at a women's conference.

November: Dr. Montessori was appointed as a surgical assistant at the Santo Spirito Hospital, Rome.

1897 Dr. Montessori spoke at a national conference on children with learning difficulties in Turin.

1898 Dr. Montessori joined the National League for the Education of Retarded Children.

February: Dr. Montessori lectured in Milan, Padua, Venice, and Genoa on 'The New Women' and 'Modern Charity'

1899 Dr. Montessori was appointed as a lecturer at the women's teacher training college and as a director of the State Orthophrenic School for children with learning difficulties in Rome. She received an award for outstanding service in hospitals. Dr. Montessori gave lecturers in Paris and London where she was presented to Queen Victoria.
1901 This is the probable year of her son Mario's birth. Aged thirty-one, Maria returned to the University of Rome as a student of teaching, hygiene and psychology.
1904 December: Dr.Montessori was appointed as a lecturer in science and medicine at the University of Rome.
1907 January 6th: The first Children's House, the Casa dei Bambini at San Lorenzo, was opened.

1909 The fourth Children's House, for victims of the Messina earthquake, was opened.

The first Montessori training course was held at Citta di Castello.

1910 The Montessori Method was published and the U.S. magazine, McClure's, published a long article about Dr. Montessori
1912 The first English translation of The Montessori Method was published.
1913 At the age of forty-three, Dr. Montessori set out on her first visit to the U.S.A. and the first Montessori school opened in Spain.
1914 Dr. Montessori's Own Handbook was published.
1915 Dr.Montessori left for her second and last tour of the United States
1919 Dr. Montessori held her first training course in Britain.

1922 The first Children's House opened in Austria.

October: Benito Mussolini took over power in Italy.

1924 April: Mussolini's government agreed to support Montessori.
1929 The Association Montessori Internationale (A.M.I) was founded in Berlin and the first International Montessori Congress was held at Elsinore in Denmark.
1930 The British branch of the A.M.I was formed.
1934 The Montessori schools in Italy were closed by Mussolini. Dr. Montessori left ItalyA to live in Spain.
1935 The A.M.I. moved to Amsterdam where it is still based.
1936 Maria Montessori left Spain and settled in Holland.

1939 September: World War II broke out in Europe.

October: Dr. Montessori aged sixty-nine and her son Mario left Holland to work in India.

1946 July 30th: Dr. Montessori returned to Amsterdam.
1947 Dr. Montessori aged seventy-six, undertook a lecture tour in India which lasted for two years.
1948 What You Should Know About Your Child and The Discovery of the Child were published.
1949 Dr. Montessori visited Pakistan, Italy, France, Austria, Britain and Ireland. The Absorbent Mind was published and she was nominated for the Noble Peace Prize.

1950 At the age of seventy-nine, Dr. Montessori gave lecture tours in Norway and Sweden.

June: She spoke to the United Nations education conference in Florence, Italy about the 'International year of the Child' and was again nominated for the Noble Peace Prize.

1951 July: Dr. Montessori ran a training course at Innsbruck, Austria. For the third and final time Dr. Montessori was nominated for the Noble Peace Prize.
1952 May 6th: At the age of eighty-one, Dr. Montessori died in her friends garden at Noordwijk aan Zee in Holland. She was buried in the local cemetery in Noordwijk.